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PNNL and USACE developed and fabricated two designs of neutrally buoyant transmitters: Type A (sutured to the dorsal musculature of the fish anterior to the dorsal fin) and Type B (two-part design attached with wire pushed through the dorsal musculature, ventral to the dorsal fin) for turbine passage evaluation. The efficacy of the two designs was also compared to nontagged individuals under shear exposure. Fish were exposed to a submerged, 6.35-cm-diameter water jet at velocities ranging from 3.0 to 12.2 m/s in a water flume to simulate turbine conditions within the Columbia River basin. This movie shows a bottom view of the exposure of Type A tagged fish to a 12.2 m/s jet. The recording speed was 2000 frames per second.

Reference: Deng Z, JJ Martinez, AHA Colotelo, TK Abel, AP LeBarge, RS Brown, BD Pflugrath, RP Mueller, TJ Carlson, A Seaburg, RL Johnson, and ML Ahmann. 2012. "Development of External and Neutrally Buoyant Acoustic Transmitters for Juvenile Salmon Turbine Passage Evaluation." Fisheries Research 113(1):94-105.

PNNL and USACE developed and fabricated two designs of neutrally buoyant transmitters: Type A (sutured to the dorsal musculature of the fish anterior to the dorsal fin) and Type B (two-part design attached with wire pushed through the dorsal musculature, ventral to the dorsal fin) for turbine passage evaluation. The efficacy of the two designs was also compared to nontagged individuals under shear exposure. Fish were exposed to a submerged, 6.35-cm-diameter water jet at velocities ranging from 3.0 to 12.2 m/s in a water flume to simulate turbine conditions within the Columbia River basin. This movie shows a bottom view with motion tracking of the exposure of Type A tagged fish to a 12.2 m/s jet. The recording speed was 2000 frames per second.

Reference: Deng Z, JJ Martinez, AHA Colotelo, TK Abel, AP LeBarge, RS Brown, BD Pflugrath, RP Mueller, TJ Carlson, A Seaburg, RL Johnson, and ML Ahmann. 2012. "Development of External and Neutrally Buoyant Acoustic Transmitters for Juvenile Salmon Turbine Passage Evaluation." Fisheries Research 113(1):94-105.

PNNL and USACE developed and fabricated two designs of neutrally buoyant transmitters: Type A (sutured to the dorsal musculature of the fish anterior to the dorsal fin) and Type B (two-part design attached with wire pushed through the dorsal musculature, ventral to the dorsal fin) for turbine passage evaluation. The efficacy of the two designs was also compared to nontagged individuals under shear exposure. Fish were exposed to a submerged, 6.35-cm-diameter water jet at velocities ranging from 3.0 to 12.2 m/s in a water flume to simulate turbine conditions within the Columbia River basin. This movie shows a side view with of the exposure of Type B tagged fish to a 12.2 m/s jet. The recording speed was 2000 frames per second.

Reference: Deng Z, JJ Martinez, AHA Colotelo, TK Abel, AP LeBarge, RS Brown, BD Pflugrath, RP Mueller, TJ Carlson, A Seaburg, RL Johnson, and ML Ahmann. 2012. "Development of External and Neutrally Buoyant Acoustic Transmitters for Juvenile Salmon Turbine Passage Evaluation." Fisheries Research 113(1):94-105.

PNNL and USACE developed and fabricated two designs of neutrally buoyant transmitters: Type A (sutured to the dorsal musculature of the fish anterior to the dorsal fin) and Type B (two-part design attached with wire pushed through the dorsal musculature, ventral to the dorsal fin) for turbine passage evaluation. The efficacy of the two designs was also compared to nontagged individuals under shear exposure. Fish were exposed to a submerged, 6.35-cm-diameter water jet at velocities ranging from 3.0 to 12.2 m/s in a water flume to simulate turbine conditions within the Columbia River basin. This movie shows a side view with motion tracking of the exposure of Type B tagged fish to a 12.2 m/s jet. The recording speed was 2000 frames per second.

Reference: Deng Z, JJ Martinez, AHA Colotelo, TK Abel, AP LeBarge, RS Brown, BD Pflugrath, RP Mueller, TJ Carlson, A Seaburg, RL Johnson, and ML Ahmann. 2012. "Development of External and Neutrally Buoyant Acoustic Transmitters for Juvenile Salmon Turbine Passage Evaluation." Fisheries Research 113(1):94-105.

Understanding the factors that injure or kill turbine-passed fish is important to the operation and design of the turbines. Motion-tracking analysis was performed on high-speed, high-resolution digital videos of juvenile salmonids exposed to a laboratory-generated shear environment to isolate injury mechanisms. This movie shows a side view with motion tracking of the exposure of a juvenile salmon to a 12.2 m/s jet. The recording speed was 1000 frames per second.

References: Deng Z, GR Guensch, MC Richmond, MA Weiland, and TJ Carlson. 2007. "Prototype Measurements of Pressure Fluctuations in The Dalles Dam Stilling Basin." Journal of Hydraulic Research 45(5):674-678.

Deng Z, RP Mueller, MC Richmond, and GE Johnson. 2010. "Injury and mortality of juvenile salmon entrained in a submerged jet entering still water." North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30(3):623-628.

The Sensor Fish is an autonomous device developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to better understand the physical conditions fish experience during passage through hydroturbines and other dam bypass alternatives. It measures the three components of linear acceleration (up-down, forward-back, and side-to-side) and the three components of angular velocities (pitch, roll, and yaw), plus pressure and temperature, at a sampling frequency of 2000 Hz. It is 24.5mmin diameter and 90mmin length, weighs 42 g, and is nearly neutrally buoyant in fresh water. PNNL is in the process of redesigning the Sensor Fish to support advanced hydropower development. This movie shows a side view with motion tracking of the exposure of a Sensor Fish to a 12.2 m/s jet with objective of correlating live fish injuries with Sensor Fish measurements. The recording speed was 1000 frames per second.

Reference: Deng Z, TJ Carlson, JP Duncan, and MC Richmond. 2007. "Six-degree-of-freedom Sensor Fish design and instrumentation." Sensors 7(12):3399-3415.

Deng Z, TJ Carlson, JP Duncan, MC Richmond, and DD Dauble. 2010. "Use of an Autonomous Sensor to Evaluate the Biological Performance of the Advanced Turbine at Wanapum Dam." Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 2(5):053104.

PNNL and USACE developed a cabled acoustic telemetry system for juvenile salmon (see jsats.pnnl.gov for more details). This movies show 3D tracks of JSATS acoustic-tagged Chinook salmon passing John Day Dam on the Columbia River in 2008.

Reference: McMichael GA, MB Eppard, TJ Carlson, JA Carter, BD Ebberts, RS Brown, MA Weiland, GR Ploskey, RA Harnish, and Z Deng. 2010. "The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System; A New Tool." Fisheries 35(1):9-22.

Weiland MA, Z Deng, TA Seim, BL Lamarche, EY Choi, T Fu, TJ Carlson, AI Thronas, and MB Eppard. 2011. "A cabled acoustic telemetry system for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon: Part 1. Engineering design and instrumentation." Sensors 11(6):5645-5660.

Deng Z, MA Weiland, T Fu, TA Seim, BL Lamarche, EY Choi, TJ Carlson, and MB Eppard. 2011. "A Cabled Acoustic Telemetry System for Detecting and Tracking Juvenile Salmon: Part 2. Three-Dimensional Tracking and Passage Outcomes." Sensors 11(6):5661-5676.

PNNL and USACE developed a cabled acoustic telemetry system for juvenile salmon (see jsats.pnnl.gov for more details). This movies show 3D tracks of JSATS acoustic-tagged Steelhead passing John Day Dam on the Columbia River in 2008.

Reference: McMichael GA, MB Eppard, TJ Carlson, JA Carter, BD Ebberts, RS Brown, MA Weiland, GR Ploskey, RA Harnish, and Z Deng. 2010. "The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System; A New Tool." Fisheries 35(1):9-22.

Weiland MA, Z Deng, TA Seim, BL Lamarche, EY Choi, T Fu, TJ Carlson, AI Thronas, and MB Eppard. 2011. "A cabled acoustic telemetry system for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon (see jsats.pnnl.gov for more details): Part 1. Engineering design and instrumentation." Sensors 11(6):5645-5660.

Deng Z, MA Weiland, T Fu, TA Seim, BL Lamarche, EY Choi, TJ Carlson, and MB Eppard. 2011. "A Cabled Acoustic Telemetry System for Detecting and Tracking Juvenile Salmon: Part 2. Three-Dimensional Tracking and Passage Outcomes." Sensors 11(6):5661-5676.

Bio-Acoustics & Flow Laboratory